|National Park||Fact Sheet|
The Kabini River Basin is a unique Wildlife haven. The basin is surrounded on all side by 3 National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries, which have turned it into a spectacular wildlife hotspot.
The Nagarhole National Park is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere. Here the Nagarhole River meets the Kabini river and creates a splendid lake in the midst of the park, which has established a natural boundary between the Nagarhole, Bandipur and Mudumalai National Parks. The Kabini forest reserve forms a great part of the Nagarahole National Park.
The park derives its name from naga, meaning snake and hole, referring to streams. The park was an exclusive hunting reserve of the kings of the Wodeyar dynasty, the former rulers of the Kingdom of Mysore. Initially, Nagarhole was the private hunting ground for the Maharajas of Mysore. Nagarhole was converted into a sanctuary in the year 1955. Nagarhole got National Park status in 1988 and declared as 37th Project Tiger Reserve in 1999.
To the south-east of the park lies the famed Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, while to the west, coffee plantations separate the park from Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary.
The park has a healthy predator-prey ratio, with many tigers, Indian bison and elephants and therefore the chances of sighting a tiger in the wild is quite high. The important animals in Nagarhole National Park are tiger, leopard, wild dog, sloth bear, the hyena, spotted deer, sambar, barking deer, four-horned antelope, gaur, wild boar and elephant.The important predators and carnivores in Nagarhole are tigers, leopards, and wild dogs & also has about 300 different species of birds.
Other than the jungle safari which is covered by road, there are boat ride facilities available too. Elephants are the most common animals to look out for. Apart from elephants, there is a wide range of herbivores that dwell in these areas. Many animals such as wild pigs, langurs, sambhar, gaur, and the four-horned antelopes are a common sight.
Park Open : Oct- April
Best Season : November - January
Fauna : The important animals in Nagarhole National Park are tiger, leopard, wild dog, sloth bear, the hyena, spotted deer, sambar, barking deer, four-horned antelope, gaur, wild boar and elephant.There are officially about 40 tigers in the reserve, but sighting one is difficult due to the thick evergreen vegetation. More than 30 species of fish are found in the lake. Gaur or wild buffalo can be seen grazing along the hillsides during treks and one may also encounter playful Malabar squirrels here.
Avi Fauna :
Recognised as an Important Bird Area the park has over 270 species of birds including the 'critically endangered' Oriental white-backed vulture, greater spotted eagle and the Nilgiri wood-pigeon.
Other important birds are darters, oriental white ibis, greater grey headed fish eagle and red-headed vulture too can be found here. Endemics include the blue-winged parakeet, Malabar grey hornbill and the white-bellied treepie.
Shortest Route : Fly to Bangalore and drive to Nagarhole National Park
Nearby : Bandipur National Park (100 km)
State : Karnataka
Area : 642 sq. km
Altitude: 680 - 920 m
Vegetation : Moist Deciduous
Major City: Mysore (60 km)
Airport : Bangalore (220 km)
Railway Station : Mysore (60 km)
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