|National Park||Fact Sheet|
Ranthambore is one of the best national parks in the world to see and photograph wild Bengal tigers, in their natural habitat. It offers an experience like no other visitors may have had before. Here wildlife and history lies perfectly entwined. Wild tigers roam the ruins of the imposing Ranthambhore fort. Here the tigers are not merely beautiful animals, they have names too – Chenghis, Bambooram, Jhumru, Machali - and have become icons of local folklore.
The first thought that comes to the mind while visiting Ranthambhore is that it is different from any other tiger reserve in India. The Park which spans 392 km2 derives its name from Ranthambhore Fort which sits on a rocky outcrop in the heart of the Park. The fort dates back to the 10th century and is probably one of the oldest in Rajasthan.
The vegetation in the park is of a dry deciduous type. There are many water bodies located all over the park, which provide relief to the animals during the extremely hot summer months. There are many ruins of bygone eras scattered all over the jungle, which give it a unique, wonderful flavor of nature, history and wildlife.
Tigers at Ranthambore have been known to hunt even in full view of human visitors. These tigers are famous for being seen in the daytime, due to their lack of fear of humans in vehicles. As a result, Ranthambhore is one of the best places in the world to photograph tigers in their wild, natural habitat.
The three lakes – Padam Talao, Raj Talao and Milak Talao are ideal spots to see half-submerged sambar deer feeding on the weeds. The lakes also have Mugger crocodiles and it is not unusual to see the deer being dragged into deeper water by the crocodiles.
The Chambal River forms a natural boundary of the Ranthambore National Park towards the east, while the river Banas, a tributary of the Chambal, flows to the northeast of the park. Characterised by rocky plains with gentle slopes, flat hill tops (locally known as 'Dang') and precipitous cliffs covered by a dry decidous forest, the landscape is dotted with old banyan trees, dhok trees, Flame of the forest, mango and in some areas evergreen blackberry trees.
Machali the queen of the lakes:
Machali is probably the most famous and most photographed tiger in the world and has starred in three documentaries. “Machali” in Hindi means fish, but for regular visitors to Ranthambhore Machali is the resident tigress of the area around the Ranthambhore Fort. In early 1999 she marked the area of the lakes in Ranthambhore as her territory and has stayed there since then. She has given birth to four litters since then. She is now old and her territory has now become part of the territory of her dominant cub from the last litter.
The Last Shikar in Ranthambhore:
In 1960, the Maharaja of Jaipur invited Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and her husband, His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, for a royal Shikar (=hunting party). Despite objections from the locals the hunt went ahead with lavish preparations for the Queen that included clearing great areas for the luxury campsite, creating an air strip and a flushable toilet equipped with a red velvet seat cover for comfort from the morning chill. Labourers created a fenced area and guided a tigress into it for Prince Philip to make the last legal tiger shoot in India.
Park Open : October to June
Best Season : February - Early May
Main Attraction : Tigers, Leopards, Sloth Bear
Fauna: Besides tigers, the other wild cats found in Ranthambhore are Leopards, Caracals, Jungle cats and Rusty Spotted cats. The ungulates include Sambhar, Spotted deer (Chital), Blue bull (Nilgai), Chinkara (Indian gazelle) and Wild boar. Other large mammals that can be seen in Ranthambore tiger reserve are the Sloth bear, Indian fox, Jackal and Striped Hyena.
Avifauna: Species recorded here include Crested Serpent Eagle, Bonelli's Eagle, Great Indian Horned Owl, Grey Francolin, Painted Francolin, Common Sandgrouse, Quail, Red Spurfowl, Common Peafowl, Rufous Treepie, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Painted Stork, Woolly-necked Stork, Spoonbill, Yellow-footed Green Pigeon, White-rumped Vulture, Long-billed Vulture, King Vulture, Scavenger Vulture,
Shortest Route : Fly to Jaipur and drive to Ranthambhore
Nearby : Keoladeo National Park, Chambal Sanctuary
State : Rajasthan
Area : 1,334 sq. km
Altitude: 215 to 505 m
Vegetation : Dry deciduous
Major City: Jaipur (150 Km)
Airport : Jaipur (150 km)
Railway Station : Sawai Madhopur (10 km)
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